Water is essential for our body as it helps in the smooth functioning of our organs and is required to maintain the health of the body’s tissues. Our body keeps losing water due to the different processes that are going on inside and outside.
We need to keep replenishing this lost amount by drinking water every now and then. If we do not do so, it leads to a condition called dehydration that can get fatal if not treated on time.
Types of Dehydration
A mild dehydration causes slight headache, thirst, dry mouth and dizziness. It can easily be treated by having plenty of fluids. Severe dehydration can result in more severe symptoms and may even require medical attention.
Symptoms of Dehydration
A mild dehydration results in headache, less and dark urine, dizziness, nausea and weakness. Your mouth and lips will feel dry and you will feel very thirsty. Dehydration can cause muscle cramps in the legs and arms. Severe dehydration can cause mental disorientation, blue lips, a severe headache, fainting, and the speech gets slurred.
Causes of Dehydration
When the water you lose happens to be less than the water you consume, it could cause dehydration. If you are into heavy exercises, and you do not drink enough water, it could cause dehydration. Some medications that you might be having may also cause dehydration. Any illness, such as diarrhea, high fever, etc. that causes fluid loss, can lead to dehydration.
Risk Factors of Dehydration
Small children and the elderly people are more at risk of developing this condition as they do not sometimes have water themselves and have to be reminded. Those who do heavy exercises are also at risk. If you live in a very hot climate, you must remain well hydrated. People with certain illnesses and those on certain medications are also at risk.
Home Remedies for Dehydration
The first thing to do when a person is dehydrated is to try and restore the lost electrolytes in the body. Take a litre of boiled and cooled water and add a tablespoon of sugar to it. Also add a teaspoon of salt and mix this solution well. Let the patient sip on it slowly. You can even add some mint to it for a nice flavor.
Green Coconut Water
Coconut water contains a lot of electrolytes, and is very hydrating. It is one of the best home remedies for dehydration. Due to its high mineral content, especially potassium and zinc, it is very beneficial when given to a dehydrated person.
The best part is that it has a consistency similar to blood plasma and can be easily absorbed by your body. It is also very low in sugar and low calorie, too. So, if you are dehydrated drink coconut water to replenish your body with all this nutrition.
Yogurt and Buttermilk
Yogurt is a popular home remedy for many ailments as it provides us with good bacteria that is beneficial for our digestive system. It is also very useful, if you are dehydrated, as it helps restore normal potassium and sodium content in your body. So, have a bowl of yogurt twice a day to cure dehydration.
Adding a teaspoon of fenugreek powder will enhance its benefits. Also called Lassi in India, buttermilk is a traditional health drink which is made by churning a little home-made curd with water. To this mixture, a little salt and cumin seeds are added. Add some dry ginger powder to this drink and have three to four times a day. It will cure your dehydration effectively and will help with the digestion as well.
Watermelon contains potassium, calcium, sodium, iron, magnesium and phosphorus. It also contains a natural anti-oxidant called lycopene. It is an effective home remedy for treating dehydration as it consists mainly of water and is very fibre-rich. So, eat it as such, or blended as a juice, to get its best health benefits and enjoy the flavour as well as taste. It will replenish your body with all the lost electrolytes.
If you are suffering from a serious dehydration problem, bananas are the most ideal fruits for you. They have good water content and are rich in potassium. Eating bananas will restore your low potassium levels and cure your dehydration effectively.
Lime juice is good for you if you are suffering from dehydration. It contains plenty of water and natural electrolytes. Add a pinch of salt, and a teaspoon of sugar, to a glass of freshly squeezed lime juice. Sip this juice throughout the day to replenish your body with the lost electrolytes.
Rice gruel, also called congee in India, is a perfect home remedy for dehydration. It is also given to a person with high fever as it is light on the stomach and nourishes as well. Soak a cup of rice for half an hour. Then, cook with four times the water and a little salt.
Try this rice stock for curing your dehydration problem. It works really well! As you recover, some cooked chicken or vegetables can also be added to it.
Dehydration leaves your body weak and fatigued. An Epsom bath helps magnesium absorption through your skin. This assists in reducing inflammation and fatigue in your sore muscles. Epsom salts also contain sulphates which aid absorption of nutrients as well. An Epsom bath will help restore proper nutrient balance in your body.
Drink Plenty of Water
Just as a car will not function well without fuel, your body needs water to help it function properly. If you do not drink enough water, you tend to get dehydrated. So, drink at least three to four litres of water daily if you are still recovering from dehydration. And, continue to drink at least two to three litres every day.
Diet for Dehydration
Dehydration leaves your body weak and drained of essential electrolytes and minerals. It is important to eat light meals while you are recuperating in order to avoid putting strain on your digestive system. Eat lots of fibre-rich fruits which have high water content. This will provide you with lots of water as well as aid in digestion. Avoid meat and oily food as far as possible. Include lots of legumes, beans, sprouts, and whole grains in your daily diet.