If you have crossed or are getting set to cross the age of 40, you are a likely candidate to be concerned about age spots. These are small dots or minor discolorations of the skin that are normally found at the back of the hand, the face or the neck. Age spots could be yellow or brown in colour and are not growths or projections but are flat pigmentations that become prominently noticeable and are usually harmless but for their nuisance value. Age spots are also known by their other names such as liver spots, sun spots or lentigines.
Age Spots Causes
Age spots are predominantly seen on areas of the skin that are the most exposed to the sun or when the skin is exposed to tanning beds or tanning lamps. The general theory is that age spots may be a response of the skin to UV rays from the sun or to heat from tanning beds, where there is an increased production of melanin, the pigment in the skin responsible for tanning or coloration.
When melanin is produced in clusters and is concentrated in small sections, they are termed age spots. However, apart from age spots being attributed to exposure to UV rays, the genetic makeup of individuals could also cause age spots.
Home Remedies for Age Spots
Lemon Juice for Age Spots
Concentrated lemon juice is an astringent and has cleansing properties. Further, lemon is also known as a bleaching agent that reduces pigmentation of the skin. A simple home remedy for age spots would be to take concentrated lemon juice and rub it on the affected areas of the skin regularly for a month or two to find good benefits on the skin.
Aloe Vera Gel for Age Spots
If you are looking for one storehouse of nature’s goodness, it has to be Aloe Vera. And the best way to harvest the goodness as home remedy for age spots would be to apply raw Aloe Vera gel on the areas of skin and on the face where you have had age spots. Aloe Vera is perfectly safe with no side effects.
Aloe Vera and Sunlight for Age Spots
You could benefit even more from the goodness of Aloe Vera by combining it with a dose of Vitamin D. The best and natural source of Vitamin D is sunlight, where moderate exposures of the skin to sunlight lets the skin produce Vitamin D, which is vital for a range of health benefits including skin care. You could combine the goodness of Aloe Vera with the vitality of Vitamin D from sunlight by applying Aloe Vera gel to the affected areas of the skin and exposing the parts of the skin with the gel to sunlight, preferably in the morning hours before noon, as very effective home remedies for age spots.
Aloe Vera Juice for Age Spots
While you apply Aloe Vera gel topically for skin benefits, you could also complement the home remedy for age spots with regular doses of Aloe Vera juice taken internally. You could mix around 15 ml of Aloe Vera juice concentrate with 120 ml of warm water and drink the juice twice a day regularly for visible effects on the skin and reduction of age spots.
Vinegar for Age Spots
You may dilute vinegar with an equal quantity of water and apply it on the age spots as a natural home remedy for age spots.
Apple Cider Vinegar for Age Spots
Apple cider vinegar has traditionally been associated with a host of health benefits. You could use apple cider vinegar as one of the home remedies for age spots by applying a few drops of apple cider vinegar on to the affected areas of the skin.
Onion for Age Spots
An effective home remedy for age spots would be to rub a few slices of raw onion on the affected areas of the skin, which would give you results over a few days of regular application.
Onion and Apple Cider Vinegar
Blend a few slices of onion to leave onion juice behind. Strain the blend off and mix onion juice in a few drops of apple cider vinegar to apply on the face and on the affected areas of the skin as a useful home remedy for age spots.
Orange Juice and Apple Cider Vinegar
Orange juice is high in Vitamin C and is also a powerful antioxidant that would prevent the free radicals from causing damages to the skin cells. Take 2 teaspoons of concentrated orange juice and mix it with half a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar to apply on the affected areas for 4 weeks as effective home remedies for age spots.
Olive Oil and Vinegar for Age Spots
Olive oil is known for its beneficial properties on the skin. Mixing two teaspoons of olive oil with half a teaspoon of vinegar for application on the face and the affected areas of the skin is one of the home remedies for age spots that would work with regular application.
Castor Oil for Age Spots
The health benefits of castor oil are well documented. One of them comes handy as home remedies for age spots, as you apply castor oil on the areas of the skin where you find age spots, rubbing it in the regions for lasting effects.
Cucumber and Yoghurt for Age Spots
You could get the coolness of cucumber and the goodness of yoghurt working on your skin as natural home remedies for age spots, by making a blend of a few slices of the vegetable in yoghurt and applying on the skin.
Papaya for Age Spots
Raw papaya could be sliced or grated and could be rubbed into the skin as home remedies for age spots. Repeating the simple treatment on a daily basis gives results.
Yoghurt, Honey and Banana for Age Spots
Mix two teaspoons of yoghurt with one teaspoon of honey and half a mashed banana, mix them up to for a perfect blend and apply on your face as hoe remedy for age spots. You could leave the blend on your face and other affected areas of the skin for 10 – 15 minutes and wash it off.
Yoghurt, Honey and Lemon for Age Spots
A variant of the earlier home remedy for age spots would be to mix yoghurt and honey with a squeeze of lemon, leave it on the face and other affected areas for 15 minutes, and rinse the blend off with warm water.
Yoghurt and Oranges for Age Spots
You could take around hundred ml of yoghurt, get some concentrated orange juice, mix them up with a cup of skimmed milk, and take around two teaspoons of the blend for application on your face as a delicious home remedy for age spots. You could add some vanilla essence or extract on to the rest of the blend, add some ice cubes and drink it for an internal dose of the same goodness of calcium that you would apply on your face as facemask.
Yoghurt and Oats for Age Spots
You could leverage the goodness of oats and yoghurt by mixing a cup of plain yoghurt with half a cup of oats, making a mask that would serve as natural home remedies for age spots.
Butter Milk and Tomato
Tomato is rich in Vitamin C, which plays an important role in skin care. You could make a juice of tomato and mix it up with buttermilk to be applied on the affected areas of the skin as effective home remedies for age spots.
Garlic for Age Spots
Garlic has long been recommended by the Ayurvedic science of treatment and healthcare for its effectiveness in healing and dealing with a host of ailments. Garlic is capable of purifying the blood and keeping skin infections and other unhealthy skin conditions at bay. Take a garlic clove and rub it on the affected areas of the skin as a simple home remedy for age spots.
Garlic Paste for Age Spots
In a similar vein, you could also make a paste of garlic in water after you have pounded or grounded 3 – 4 cloves of garlic to be applied on the skin as effective home remedies for age spots.
Radish, Vinegar, Lime Juice and Rosemary Oil
This blend of the juices of radish and lemon of 25 ml each, mixed in half a teaspoon of vinegar and a teaspoon of rosemary oil, is a useful home remedy for sun spots.
Vitamins, Minerals and Nutrients for Age Spots / Diet for Age Spots
You might want to take care of your diet and manage the level of vitamins, minerals and nutrients made available to your body to go with home remedies for age spots.
Drink Lots of Fresh Water
A simple home remedy for age spots would be to drink lots of water – water has the ability to flush toxins from the body, which could have an impact on the condition of the skin and on age spots.
Proteins for Age Spots
Proteins help in the production of anti-oxidants in the body, which could go a long way in protecting the skin and in preventing the free radicals from causing damage on skin cells. You could have a high protein diet with good quantities of eggs, soybeans, cheese, fish, poultry, milk, nuts and legumes as useful home remedies for age spots.
Tuna for Age Spots
Tuna is thought to be particularly effective as home remedy for age spots. Tuna is found to be rich in niacin, pyridoxine, magnesium, potassium, essential fatty acids and selenium, nutrients that play a role in the promotion of healthy skin.
Glutathione for Age Spots
Glutathione is a special molecule that resides within the cells and is produced naturally by the body, apart from being available through many food sources. Glutathione is an anti-oxidant, and the reason it plays such an important role as an anti-oxidant is because it is found within the cell, and is in the best position to neutralise the harmful effects of free radicals.
Glutathione is also responsible for the detoxification of the body as it boosts the functionality of the liver. Glutathione deficiency has been associated with many serious illnesses, though the causative effects are yet to be established. Glutathione deficiency is also associated with liver damage. Glutathione is said to be crucial as home remedies for age spots.
Prominent sources of Glutathione are as follows:
a. Milk Thistle for Age Spots: Milk Thistle is an herb of the daisy family, having had its origins in the Mediterranean regions of Europe and now being found worldwide. Milk thistle produces a compound called Silymarin, which, in turn, works to prevent depletion of glutathione by protecting the liver from the harmful effects of toxins. Silymarin is also known to be effective in helping in liver regeneration, promoting the growth of fresh cells. Milk thistle is available for use in the form of capsules, liquid extracts as well as in the form of tincture for topical application.
b. Precautions with Milk Thistle: Milk thistle, like some of the other herbs, may interact with some other herbal formulations and care should be taken when consuming the herb along with other herbal produce. While the common side effects may not be too serious and could be restricted to mild effects on the stomach, as in the case of inducing diarrhoea, pregnant and lactating women may be advised against its use. If you are already under medication for any of the problems including treatment for seizures, high cholesterol, depression or cancer, or are taking in birth control pills, hormone pills, allergy drugs or any of the blood thinners or anticoagulant drugs, or are taking pills or drugs that may involve the action of liver in breaking then down, you may want to have a word with your physician before taking up milk thistle as home remedy for age spots.
Cumin and Age Spots
Cumin seeds, the simple seeds that are added on to food to add flavour to cuisine, are found to promote the synthesis of glutathione by the cells in the liver and the stomach. Consumption of cumin or addition of cumin to food could play a role as home remedy for age spots.
Sage for Glutathione
Sage leaves have been used in the treatment of stomach upsets, indigestion and loss of appetite. Sage is found to boost the capacity of stomach cells and those in the liver to synthesise more of glutathione, thus proving to be useful home remedies for age spots.
Rosemary oil for Age Spots
A herbal extract with origins in the Mediterranean region, Rosemary oil has been traditionally used in herbal formulations towards treatments involving the stomach, hair care, pain management and in skin care. Rosemary extracts have been found to induce enhanced synthesis of glutathione and could be used as home remedies for age spots.
Selenium for Age Spots
Selenium is an important mineral that helps the skin stay fit and healthy, while protecting the skin from the harmful effects of UV rays from the sun, maintaining skin tone and elasticity. Dietary selenium is the most effective form of the mineral that goes into skin care and is an effective home remedy for age spots. Further, selenium is also found to have an impact on the levels of glutathione at the cellular level. Selenium could be found in food sources such as tuna, Brazil nuts, dried walnuts, cod, turkey, egg, cheddar cheese, oatmeal, whole bread and brown rice.
Raw Vegetables and Vegetable Juices for Age Spots
Raw vegetables are storehouses of vitamins and minerals that play an important role in preventing and treating age spots. Raw vegetables and vegetable juices are useful home remedies for age spots for a variety of reasons. For one, raw vegetables have their enzymes and nutrients intact, without their being destroyed in the process of cooking. Further, raw vegetables tend to be more easily digested and their nutrients absorbed the cells, as against cooked food. And it is also purported that eating cooked food tends to accelerate the ageing process.
Vitamin A for Age Spots
It is the Beta-carotene present in Vitamin A that makes it a force to reckon with, when it comes to skin care. Vitamin A is responsible for the health, repair and growth of body tissue and is also found to protect the skin from damage due to exposure to UV rays from the sun. When it comes to home remedies for age spots, you could consume foods that are good sources of Vitamin A and Beta-carotene, as in the case of sweet potatoes, carrots, mangoes, apricots and pumpkins.
Vitamin E and Vitamin C for Age Spots
Vitamin E has always been known as an essential ingredient in your diet plan, as far as skin care is concerned. Vitamin E turns out to be an effective arsenal in your fight against age spots, as prominent sources of Vitamin E, such as nuts, wheat germ, nuts and fortified cereals could be consumed as effective home remedies for age spots. You could also have a dose of Vitamin C along with your Vitamin E dosage, as research suggests that Vitamin E, in combination with Vitamin C, could promote skin protection even as it slows down the ageing process, enhancing the anti-ageing properties of Vitamin E on skin.
Further, some of the prominent sources of Vitamin C, such as oranges and lemon, are also effective anti-oxidants that could neutralise the harmful effects of free radicals that could be damaging on cells and tissues, and could contribute to the formation of age spots. Citrus fruits such as lemon and grapefruit, oranges, Indian gooseberry and the kiwi fruit are known sources of Vitamin C that could be consumed with sources of Vitamin E as natural home remedies for age spots.
Vitamin B2 for Age Spots
Vitamin B2, or Riboflavin, is known to be involved in the natural production of glutathione in the body. Consumption of food products that are rich sources of Vitamin B2 could go with home remedies for Age Spots. Prominent sources of Vitamin B2 include milk, eggs, nuts, meat as well as green vegetables.
Vitamin B6 for Age Spots
Vitamin B6 is found to be an important component involved in the manufacture of glutathione by body cells. Vitamin B6 is known to play a role in treating health issues such as anaemia, seizures, as well as skin disorders as in the case of eczema, dermatitis and conditions such as age spots. You could consume good amounts of turnip greens, shiitake mushrooms, spinach, tune, calf liver, chicken, turkey, cod, potatoes and sunflower seeds, which are rich sources of Vitamin B6, as part of your home remedies for age spots.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Age Spots
The goodness of Omega-3 fatty acids has long been known. Omega-3 fatty acids help in maintaining the effectiveness of skin membranes towards healthy cells and tissues, by letting water and the essential nutrients in, while keeping toxins at bay. Omega-3 fatty acids, hence, help the body get the most of all kinds of vitamins, minerals and nutrients, enhancing their absorption into the cells. Further, Omega-3 fatty acids are also known to play a role in protecting the skin from the harmful effects of UV rays from the sun. You could go for natural sources of omega-3 fatty acids as useful home remedies for age spots. Omega-3 fatty acids could be found in foods such as oily fish, including salmon, herring, mackerel, cod and caviar, along with flaxseeds, flaxseed oil, nuts including butternuts and walnuts, fresh basil leaves, cloves, canola oil and spinach.
Zinc for Age Spots
Zinc could come in handy as an essential element required in the treatment of age spots on many counts. Zinc is a powerful antioxidant that is capable of protecting body cells and tissues from the harmful effects of free radicals. Further, zinc is also capable of promoting the natural healing process of the body, healing wounds and other blisters on the skin. Food sources of zinc could be consumed as home remedies for age spots, given these properties of the mineral. Some of the prominent food sources of zinc include oysters, wheat germ, sesame seeds, low fat beef, pumpkin seeds, peanuts and dark chocolate.
Kojic Acid for Age Spots
A popular mushroom extract, Kojic acid has become popular over the years as one of the natural home remedies for age spots. Kojic acid is used as a skin whitening treatment. Kojic acid is also known to be derived from plant sources, supposedly derived during the process of fermentation of rice. And the good thing about using Kojic acid and its formulations is that it seems to be devoid of side effects or other complications as involving carcinogens, thus proving to be a safe alternative to chemical treatments. There are herbal products that contain Kojic acid as the active ingredient, which could be applied topically on the affected areas of the skin.
Calcium for Age Spots
Calcium, which is typically associated with bone health, also plays a key role in skin care and in the formation and maintenance of healthy skin. Calcium deficiency could lead to skin problems such as dry skin, as calcium present in the epidermis layer of the skin is responsible for promoting fresh skin cell growth, determining the rate at which fresh skin cells are formed and the old ones are shed.
Calcium also promotes the production of antioxidants in the body, which could be critical in preventing and postponing skin ageing. Home remedies for age spots typically include rich sources of calcium, such as dairy products including yoghurt, milk and cheese, green leafy vegetables such as broccoli and spinach, oranges, almonds, peas and peanuts, baked beans, salmons and sesame seeds.
Vitamin D for Age Spots
While age spots may be trigged by overexposure to the harmful rays of the skin, it is also important not to hide away from the sun forever but to expose the affected areas of the skin to sun for a regulated duration of around 10 – 15 minutes a day, in line with other home remedies for age spots.
Vitamin-D plays an important role in the absorption of calcium in the intestine, and the best way to have production of sufficient levels of Vitamin D in the body would be through exposure to sunlight – the body is capable of producing good levels of Vitamin-D on its own, as long as there is sufficient exposure to the sun on a daily basis. A simple home remedy for age spots would be to expose yourself to sun for the limited duration to let the body’s spontaneous skin care mechanisms take over.
Other Remedies and Treatments for Age Spots
Sun-block Lotions with UV Protection
You could choose sun-block lotions that offer both UV-A and UV-B protection for the skin. Typically, you could go for sun-block lotions that are of SPF-50 or more, and apply sub-block lotions at least half-an-hour before you venture out in the sun, as prevention of age spots.
Zinc Oxide Sunscreen
Zinc is essential for healthy skin, and you could opt for zinc- oxide sunscreen that offers both UV-A and UV-B protection.
Titanium Dioxide Sunscreen
You could also opt for titanium-dioxide sunscreen, or sun lotions that are in combination of zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, which could prove effective particularly on sensitive skin, offering protection against the harmful UV rays and preventing age spots. However, there is controversy on the role of titanium-dioxide as a carcinogenic agent, on account of the treatments that it is subjected to in the process of production.
Retinol for Age Spots
One of the aspects that could treat age spots is the natural process of skin turnover. With age, skin turnover decreases and there are not many fresh skin cells produced. This leads to accumulation of ageing and dead skin cells, leading to lacklustre appearance of the skin. Further, acceleration in skin turnover could also resolve age spots, as new cells appear to make the skin look healthier. Retinol and tretinoin are synthetic forms of Vitamin A, working on cell turnover, making new cells appear on the surface and treating age spots.
Hydroquinone Chemical Peel for Age Spots
Chemical peel is the procedure engaged to peel off or exfoliate the outer layers of the skin to reveal fresh skin. This is a non-surgical procedure that is performed on the face and on the upper body, typically using a bleaching agent named hydroquinone, as treatment for age spots. Hydroquinone works by preventing the skin from producing melanin, blocking the enzyme tyrosinase necessary for its production. If you have sensitive skin, you may possibly be in for adverse reactions of the skin and may also experience burning sensation when your skin is subjected to chemical peel using hydroquinone.