Abrasion is one of the most common injuries that you would have gone through or come across. Skin abrasion, or abrasion, as it is commonly called, is a condition that is characterised by damage to the upper or outer layer of the skin. Abrasion is a result of damage to the cells and tissues that form the outermost protective layer of the skin, in any part of the body. Sometimes, skin abrasions could be even deeper beyond the outer layer of the skin, affecting the inner layers of the skin, causing redness, rashes, bleeding or pricking pain. The bleeding, in most cases of abrasion, need not be profuse as the body has the ability to stop bleeding through clotting of blood, as far as minor injuries are concerned.
Most abrasion is caused on the parts of the skin that remain exposed, unless there are more intense injuries that lead to abrasions on the skin despite the clothing. Such injury occurs when the skin rubs off against some hard or rough surface, either during normal movement, or in the case of minor accidents or sports injuries. Small children are the most vulnerable to skin abrasions, as they tend to be constantly on the move and have soft and tender skin. Skin abrasion in adults is more the result of rigorous sporting activities, or in a spree of adventure, such as hiking or rock climbing. Abrasion may be more common on hot temperatures and in summers, when more skin is exposed and when the skin, as well as the surfaces that you move around in, tends to be dry. There could also be minor cuts and bruises that may happen when dealing with household chores and kitchen or garden work, which could lead to the abrasion of the epidermis. The other causes for abrasions include scratches from nails, as may be common in infants and kids, traumas and bed sores.
The majority of abrasions are characterised by redness and rashes coupled with pain and swelling, and are seldom associated with profuse bleeding. In terms of the gravity of damage, abrasion could be classified as follows: A first-degree abrasion, where only the epidermis is affected; second-degree abrasion, where the injury gets deeper into the demits and is characterised by some degree of bleeding; third-degree abrasion, where the damage is much deeper and the subcutaneous tissue is also exposed and damaged, leading to bleeding and where the injury may be called avulsion. While immediate washing and cleansing may be required to remove any dirt that may have stuck on to the wound, abrasions can mostly be dealt with home remedies.
Home Remedies For Abrasion
Cleansing For Abrasion
The first abrasion home remedy is to ensure that the wound is properly washed in abundant running water. You may also want to use soap to wash the wound to get rid of any dirt of bacteria that may have latched on to the inner layers of the skin.
While it may be good to use anti-bacterial soap, any mild soap would be good enough. Since the skin forms the outermost layer of protection, abrasion of the skin exposes the body to a host of bacterial attacks. Cleansing the skin takes care of this aspect and should be the first treatment for abrasion.
Aloe Vera for Abrasion
You may want to consider stacking up some Aloe Vera at home for precisely this reason. Aloe Vera is a wonderful gift from nature that is packed with enormous goodness and health. Aloe Vera extract is used for both internal consumption as well as external application, though the process and the sources of the extract for the two applications are different. One of the best possible home remedies for abrasion would be to apply abundant quantity of Aloe Vera gel on to the wound.
The gel has a cooling effect and it would be soothing on the painful wound. Further, Aloe Vera gel also supplies the wound with abundant moisture, which helps in countering the dryness that would aggravate the pain. Aloe Vera is blessed with tremendous healing power as it helps in rejuvenation of the skin and regeneration of the damaged tissues, thus being a wonderful natural remedy for abrasion. Further, regular use of Aloe Vera gel on the affected wound also ensures that the skin is free of scarring when the healing process is underway – Aloe Vera helps in rejuvenation of the outer skin layer and also in helping the affected portions of the skin in getting its normal complexion back, being an effective cure for abrasion.
Sodium Chloride For Abrasion
Another good way to start your home remedy for abrasion would be to go for 0.9% sodium chloride solution. The solution is commonly known as Normal Saline, or sometimes as physiological saline. This is generally used as drips for patients who may not be able to have food orally.
You could fetch saline to cleanse your wound after you have poured enough water on it to remove of any clinging dirt. Sodium chloride as one of the good home remedies for abrasion derives its properties from salt, which is a good disinfectant – you may use the 0.9% sodium chloride to irrigate your wound, applying some pressure on it to ensure that there are no more dirt particles that may irritate the exposed skin. You could simultaneously use a clean gauge or pure cotton to purge the area if you find a bit of bleeding, which should stop shortly anyway. However, take care that you do not apply too much pressure when you cleanse the wound, as the exposed inner layers of the skin are much softer than the outer epidermis and any further damage to the skin should be avoided.
Lavender Oil For Abrasion
Lavender oil could also be used as an ideal home remedy for abrasion. Lavender oil has a cooling effect on the skin and can be used on the wound after you have cleaned the area in running water or with saline. You may soak a piece of cotton in lavender oil and gently apply it on to the wound as treatment for abrasion.
Lavender oil immediately works to quell the pain and the burning sensation associated with abrasions, and also works long term in expediting the healing process. Further, the effectiveness of lavender oil as an effective home remedy for abrasion, derives from the fact that lavender oil application on abrasion on a regular basis also helps in regeneration of the damaged cells and tissues, and hence eliminates any possibility of scarring that normally follows slightly deeper abrasions.
Tea Tree Oil For Abrasion
Tea Tree Oil would rank among some of the handy home remedies for abrasion. Tea tree oil is pale yellow coloured oil, extracted from the leaves of Melaleuca alternifolia, a plantation found commonly along the coastal areas of Australia, particularly in New South Wales. Tea tree oil is a storehouse of medicinal properties and is used in many skin conditions, including abrasion, and has invariably been found effective.
Tea tree oil can be used as a topical application on the skin, and it works in the case of abrasions on account of its numerous anti-bacterial and antifungal properties. One portion of tea tree oil could be mixed with two portions of vegetable glycerine and could be applied on the affected areas as useful home remedies for abrasion.
Calendula Oil And Comfrey Oil For Abrasion
Another effective home remedy for abrasions is Calendula, the perennial plant that is found in abundance in the Mediterranean region. Calendula extracts have been found to be effective in most cases of bacterial and viral infections and are also found to have anti-inflammatory properties. Calendula, also called pot marigold, has been traditionally believed to promote healing of wounds and in regeneration of skin, and has been used as a treatment of wounds.
You could make a paste out of tea tree oil, calendula oil as well as comfrey oil to use it on wounds from abrasions. Comfrey oil is another herbal extract from Comfrey, the perennial plant that features bell-shaped purple flowers. Comfrey oil is widely available for its medicinal properties, which could be used as a stand-alone solution for abrasion wounds. A home-made paste of tea tree oil, calendula oil and comfrey oil would come in handy as a home remedy for abrasion, given the natural anti-bacterial, anti-viral and anti-inflammatory properties of the three extracts.
Vinegar For Abrasion
When it comes to protecting the body and preventing the growth of harmful microbes on affected areas of the skin, vinegar comes in handy. You may soak a cotton ball in vinegar and apply it gently over the affected area after washing the wound in saline or running water. This would act as an effective home remedy for abrasion, thwarting the growth of microbes and bacteria and keeping the affected area sterile from infection.
Vitamin E For Abrasion
Another ingredient that you would be better off having at home for such contingencies as abrasions and other skin treatments is Vitamin E oil. Vitamin E is an essential vitamin that is normally found naturally in many food products, oil and grains, such as wheat germ oil, sun flower oil, safflower oil, nuts such as hazelnuts and almonds, as well as in seeds such as pumpkin seeds and a host of other naturally occurring fruits and vegetables.
Vitamin E is an effective anti-oxidant that protects the body from the harmful effects of free radicals. The protective and anti-ageing properties of Vitamin E have been found to be good on the skin, promoting healing and giving skin a radiant look. Regular application of Vitamin E oil on the areas of the skin affected by abrasion is an effective home remedy for abrasion, expediting the healing process and eliminating the scope for scarring after the wound has healed.
Moisturiser For Abrasion
After you have taken initial care of abrasion, you may want to keep the area moist, through regular application of body lotions, which may preferably contain Aloe Vera extract, lavender oil, tea tree oil or Vitamin E.
While the moisturised would ensure that you do not have any pain on account of dryness that ensues once the recovery has commenced, application of moisturisers that contain these healthy and healing natural ingredients ensures that deeper abrasions do not leave scars behind, acting as essential home remedies for abrasion.
Honey For Abrasion
You could also apply healthy doses of pure honey on the affected areas – honey has its natural ability to heal and also gives the skin its natural glow and radiance, removing any trace of abrasion from the affected areas.
While you may undertake some of the other home remedies specified earlier as initial phases of home remedies for abrasion, you could do well to apply honey on the affected areas of abrasion, once the wound has started healing. This is a natural cure for abrasion, ensuring that your skin doesn’t get scarred on account of abrasion.
Parsley Leaves For Abrasion
Parsley leaves are known to be highly nutritious, given their natural healing and medicinal properties. Parsley leaves are high in vitamin and mineral content, and come in handy in the treatment of a host of physical problems, apart from being excellent home remedies for abrasion.
As mentioned earlier, calendula flowers, or marigold flowers, are also known for their vast treasure of medicinal properties, which could come in handy in the cure and treatment of abrasion. You may make a paste of marigold flowers, parsley leaves as well as plantain leaves by crushing them all together and mixing them in water, and apply them on the affected areas of the skin as effective home remedies for abrasion.
Hydrogen Peroxide For Abrasion
This simple solution may be available over the counter, which has been recommended for a variety of uses, both internal and external. While not every use of hydrogen peroxide has become accepted undisputedly, a diluted version of hydrogen peroxide may be used in washing wounds initially, though it may not be used as a home remedy for abrasion in the long run.
Cinnamon And Clove For Abrasion
Abrasion is invariably marked with a burning sensation that has to be quelled. Cinnamon and clove have antiseptic properties and can come in handy as disinfectants.
Clove oil is known for its antimicrobial and antifungal properties and has traditionally been used in treating all kinds of painful conditions. And cinnamon is a rich source of manganese, iron, calcium and fibre. Use of clove oil immediately after abrasion and following it up with cinnamon oil is an effective home remedy for abrasion.
Coconut Oil For Abrasion
This is one home remedy for abrasion that is as easily available as it can get. Coconut oil has traditionally found more than one use for the health and well being of human beings, right from its use on hair, on skin in general, as an ingredient in cooking in many a cuisine, and in the treatment of abrasion.
You could take a few drops of coconut oil and apply them on the affected areas of the skin, as you could find that coconut oil acts both as a moisturiser on the drying skin, and also as a perfect natural remedy for abrasion in helping in the cure of abrasion. It might be better to warm the coconut oil up slightly before it is applied on to the affected areas. Regular application of coconut oil on abrasion relieves the pain and irritation associated with the wound, and with the associated process of drying of the affected areas.
Garlic Oil For Abrasion
Another way to treat abrasion and eliminate any scope for bacterial infection of the affected areas is to apply garlic oil as cure for abrasion. Garlic is known over the centuries to have numerous medicinal properties, and among them is that garlic oil is an effective anti-oxidant, which reigns in free radicals that may cause damage to body cells and tissues. Application of garlic oil on the affected areas of the skin is a useful home remedy for abrasion.
Turmeric For Abrasion
There may not be a better natural product that turmeric when it comes to healing properties. A powerful natural healer, it is the basic ingredient of Curcumin naturally found in turmeric that accounts for its healing properties.
Turmeric’s antiseptic and antibacterial properties make it an extremely useful natural remedy for abrasion. It’s as simple as making a paste of turmeric powder in water and applying on to the bruised surface for immediate relief and for prevention of secondary infections.
Ginger For Abrasion
Scientific research has shown the effectiveness of a combination of ginger and curcumin extracts in treating skin abrasion.
Curcumin is a compound predominantly available in turmeric. A paste made of ginger powder and turmeric powder in water could be applied on to the abrasion after thorough washing with water for effective relief from pain as well as in the facilitation of healing of the skin as effective home remedies for abrasion.
Diet For Abrasion
While it is good to address the problem of abrasion with home remedies, it would also help to follow some dietary steps to facilitate healing after abrasion.
Peanuts For Abrasion
It might not sound significant because of its widespread availability, but peanuts are good for healing after abrasion. Peanuts are a rich source of B group of vitamins, even as it promotes the activity of the liver and prevents ageing of the skin. Regular consumption of peanuts in the days immediately after the abrasion helps in healing of the wound.
Sunflower Seeds For Abrasion
Sunflower seeds are known for the high levels of vitamin and mineral content as they brim with Vitamins B1, B5 and E. Vitamin E has tremendous healing properties and is a rich anti-oxidant capable of reigning in free radicals that cause many problems related to damages of skin and body tissues as well as organs. If you have had an abrasion, you might want to consume a healthy dose of sunflower seeds as home remedies for abrasion.
Lean Beef For Abrasion
Meat could be labelled as being lean, as per the criteria set forth by the US Food and Drug Administration, if the packaged food product contains less than 10 grams in total fat, less than 4.5 grams in saturated fat and less than 95 mg of cholesterol per 100 grams of the product.
Such lean beef is capable of providing more than 10 percentage of the daily value required of the 9 essential nutrients, with rich content of protein, zinc, phosphorous and iron, along with a host of B complex vitamins. While iron helps in carrying oxygen to the blood, zinc promotes a healthy immune system and also promotes quick healing of wounds. You could consume as little as 3 ounces of lean beef for good results when it comes to treatment of abrasion and in supporting your home remedies for abrasion.
Pumpkin Seeds For Abrasion
Pumpkin is a universal food that could come in handy in numerous delicious and novel recipes. And pumpkin seeds are storehouses of nutrients – vitamins, minerals and a host of fatty acids that could do you a world of good.
The major nutrients found in pumpkin seeds include phosphorous, magnesium, copper, iron and zinc, along with high levels of proteins and fibre. It is this combination that makes pumpkin recipes and pumpkin sees the ideal ingredients of diet for abrasion, promoting healing in a natural way.
Vitamin E For Abrasion
Vitamin E is known for its healing properties along with its use in terms of a rich antioxidant that could control free radicals and help in the building of tissues.
When you are taking up home remedies for abrasion, it would also help to add foodstuff that are rich in vitamin E to your diet, thus promoting the natural healing mechanism of the skin. You may want to have a good deal of nuts that are rich in vitamin E, along with other food products such as egg yolk, seeds and leafy green vegetables, whole grains, wheat germ and oats.
Blue-green Algae For Abrasion
Blue green algae are good sources of dietary proteins, B Vitamins and iron. A combination of all of these makes blue-green algae effective supplements in treatment of abrasion, along with the use of other home remedies for abrasion. Spirulina is a popular form of blue-green algae, used widely for treatment of wounds and precancerous growth in the mouth. Iron is known to play a role in collagen synthesis and promote healing, coming in handy as dietary supplements for abrasion.
While dressing the wound in the initial stages may prove helpful in preventing dust particles and microbes from accumulating on the wound, once the recovery is underway, you could leave the affected areas open for fresh air to take care of the rest of the healing process. It would also help if you could have a check on your smoking and drinking habits, if any, when you are in the process of recovering from abrasions. Minor abrasions of the first and second degree can well be treated using these simple and effective home remedies for abrasion, while you may want to consult a physician or go for medical advice is you find that the abrasion is much more deeper and painful. In all other cases, any of these, or a combination of the listed home remedies would see you through your recovery process.