A rash is an obvious change on the skin surface that can affect its texture, colour, and appearance. It can be a localized or generalized manifestation, most often caused due to allergic reactions, infections, chronic conditions, and climatic changes. Rashes can also appear due to internal conditions like kidney disease, liver problems, cancer etc. that need to be treated.
Causes Of Rashes
The most common cause of developing a rash is due to skin conditions like eczema, chicken Pox, psoriasis, rosacea, ringworm, Lyme disease, herpes etc. Fungal, bacterial, and viral infections too are responsible for skin rashes and infections.
External conditions like dryness of the skin, stress, genetic predisposition, anxiety, skin irritants like chemicals, detergents, soap, cleaning liquids etc. too can cause skin rashes. Rashes can also be caused due to hot climatic conditions.
There are several types of skin rashes. The most common are:
One of the most commonly found skin rashes, seborrheic dermatitis causes red scaly rashes to form in the cheeks, forehead, scalp area, brows, and external parts of the ears.
Commonly known as Eczema, atopic dermatitis is very common during childhood and causes red and itchy rashes that may weep or bleed with scratching. Mostly visible on the ankles, cheeks, neck, wrists, back, knees etc. atopic dermatitis is a common manifestation among people with asthma and Hay fever.
Contact dermatitis is caused when the skin comes into contact with allergens or irritants like chemicals, poison ivy, paints, costume jewelry etc. This causes allergy or irritation on the skin surface, and due to the constant scratching, it can turn oozy and cause secondary skin infections as well.
Stasis Dermatitis is associated with chronic swelling in the lower part of the legs, which can lead to decreased circulation and skin rashes. Stasis dermatitis can be an oozing and weeping rash due to poor circulation.
Nummular eczema occurs on very dry skin. The skin turns oozy and weepy, forming a patch that is coin shaped.
Mostly found on the knees, scalp, elbows etc. the skin forms into silvery flaks, which do not ooze or weep, but sheds to form red patches.
Diaper rash is a very common occurrence in babies. It occurs due to prolong contact of urine and fecal matter on the skin. The moisture on the skin leads to fungal and bacterial infections that cause rashes and blisters.
The symptoms of rashes are mostly common with redness, itchiness, scaling, oozing, crusting, and flakiness of skin. Skin can turn rough and dry and turns thick due to cell accumulation and infection.
Home Remedies for Rashes
Nature’s reserve has quite a few remedies lined up for our use, that one need not resort to conventional medication most of the time.
Most rashes are caused when the body becomes hot and hence a cool compress can immediately cool, the skin surface and relieve the symptoms naturally. Take some cold water and soak a washcloth in it. Wring dry and apply on the area for ten minutes.
Repeat throughout the day. Alternatively, take an ice cube and cover it with a thin cloth. Apply on the rashes and keep it on for ten to fifteen minutes. This will help in reducing the itching, swelling and redness on the skin.
Replete with vitamin E and loads of moisturizing capabilities, oatmeal is an excellent remedy for many skin problems. Oatmeal removes skin dryness and heals the skin naturally due to its skin moisturizing capabilities. It also exfoliates the skin, removing all dead skin cells that too can lead to rashes, dryness, and roughness of skin. Take one to two cups of oatmeal and add this to warm water.
Using a bathtub would be better as you can soak your entire body for twenty minutes for a wholesome effect. Doing this twice daily will help in reducing skin dryness, inflammation, and subsequent itchiness of skin. Oatmeal can also be used as a scrub by adding enough water to form a paste and massaging the area with a circular motion.
One of the best anti-inflammatory and healing solutions available at home, chamomile is an anti microbial, relaxant and anti spasmodic agent. It calms stress, which too can trigger the formation of skin rashes .One teaspoon of dry chamomile flowers can be added to one cup of boiling water for preparing the tea. Seep for 5 minutes and allow the tea to cool to room temperature.
This can be applied externally over the rashes and used for rinsing the area from time to time. Intake of chamomile tea twice a day is also recommended for internal healing.
Aloe gel is an anti bacterial and anti-inflammatory agent and is also an excellent skin regenerating and revitalizing agent. Aloe has excellent cooling benefits as well, that help in removing rashes associated with heat. Apply aloe gel, sourced directly from the aloe stalk and leave it on, on the skin until it dries off.
Application of aloe also helps in repairing the skin surface, by taking care of scars and other blemishes that could have settled after the skin eruptions.
Garlic, Olive, and Basil leaves
Garlic and basil leaves have tremendous healing and anti bacterial properties. They are also high in antioxidant content and help in the natural healing of the skin. Olive oil helps in keeping the skin soft and supple, by adding the right amount of moisture and protecting the skin from dryness and roughness. Add one tablespoon of olive oil, two garlic cloves, and 10- 15 basil leaves and grind them together.
Add sufficient water to form a paste and apply on the rashes. Repeat for three days. As garlic is hot, one must leave a gap of two days before trying the remedy again on the skin.
Diet and Lifestyle
Recurrent rashes could also mean that you have some kind of food allergy. Therefore, identifying the food and eliminating the same is very important to keep the skin free from rashes. Include a lot of cooling foods like cucumber, watermelon etc. in case of heat rashes. Walnuts, flax seeds, vitamin C enriched foods, avocados, foods rich in vitamin E etc. are beneficial for treating skin inflammations, dryness, rashes and infections. Direct exposure to sunlight must also be avoided in case of chronic skin conditions like eczema.
Other Treatment Options
Anti allergens, anti histamines, topical ointments, creams, and even antibiotics could be needed in case of recurrent and acute skin rashes.