High blood pressure or hypertension has become one of the most hazardous chronic medical conditions nowadays. There are a lot of factors, including the modern lifestyle and excessive stress, that can trigger abnormally high blood pressure in the blood vessels of our circulatory system. Therefore, preventing the blood pressure level from getting high or keeping it always under control is of utmost importance.
When it comes to treating high blood pressure without any side effects, numerous people opt for natural herbal treatment these days. There are a number of effective herbs that help maintain the standard level of blood pressure, which is crucial for retaining the good health of our heart and warding off the probabilities of strokes and heart attacks.
7 Effective Herbs For High Blood Pressure
Garlic (Allium Sativum)
Garlic is a wonder herb that helps us keep a close eye on our blood pressure level. The extract of garlic can manage both systolic and diastolic blood pressure, making us independent of synthetic medications. It lessens platelet aggregation to perk up the flow of blood within the vessels. The herb wipes away bad cholesterol deposits from the inner wall of arteries, and thereby, lowers the pressure of blood within the arterial cavities. A number of chemical compounds present in garlic also promote its therapeutic uses considerably.
The herb contains sulphide compounds, which help diminish elevated blood pressure to a large extent. Magnesium present in garlic acts as a natural calcium channel blocker which declines the level of blood pressure dramatically. Garlic is also rich in allicin, an organosulphur compound that is antioxidant, antibacterial, antihypertensive and hypolipidemic in nature. Adenosine, phosphorus and natural ACE inhibitors, such as gamma-glutamyl peptides and flavonolic compounds of garlic extract can also expand blood vessels and facilitate blood flow.
Hawthorn (Crataegus Monogyna)
The herb hawthorn is mostly known to bring down the mean diastolic pressure. Basically, hawthorn leads to smooth muscle dilation in the coronary arteries. It opens up arterial cavities by removing clogs, which keeps the blood pressure level under control by stimulating coronary blood circulation.
On the other hand, the herb works as an efficient cardiotonic that boosts the overall performance of the heart. It makes the cardiac muscles stronger to pump blood more effectively by forceful contractions. Hawthorn also prevents the blood vessels and capillaries from stiffening up which eventually defends blood coagulation as well as high blood pressure.
Ginger (Zingiber Officinale)
Ginger is another extremely beneficial herbal remedy used to treat high blood pressure. Generally, the extract of ginger root improves the circulation of blood throughout our body which ultimately results in a reduced level of blood pressure.
Several studies have shown that ginger acts just like traditional calcium channel blockers in decreasing blood pressure levels. Calcium is one of the most vital elements in the regulation of blood pressure. According to the findings, certain active constituents of ginger can block voltage-dependent channels of calcium to restrict the flow of calcium into the blood vessels and cardiac tissues. It helps the veins, arteries and cardiac cells relax, which in turn brings blood pressure down.
Ginger extract also works as a blood thinner which keeps blood pressure significantly under control. Moreover, it is also very effective in relaxing the muscles around the blood vessels. This makes the flow of blood easier too.
Ashwagandha (Withania Somnifera)
Ashwagandha has been used to lower blood pressure successfully over the centuries. Like ginger root, ashwagandha is also used as a natural calcium channel blocker to prevent the calcium flow within the cardiovascular system. Besides, this well-known herb works against the root causes of high blood pressure, and as a consequence, assists in reducing it.
The major biochemical components of the plant ashwagandha are steroidal alkaloids which are extremely sedative in nature. These sedative alkaloids are attributed to relieve stress by controlling anxiety, triggered by an adrenaline rush. Since both anxiety and stress lead to elevated blood pressure, sedative properties of ashwagandha contribute to the reduction of blood pressure appreciably. In addition, these properties can boost a good and restful sleep to help our body recuperate from the exhaustive effects of stress. All these are important for preventing the blood pressure level from going up as well as keeping it under control.
Sarpagandha (Rauvolfia Serpentina)
Sarpagandha or snakeroot is an ayurvedic herb mostly used for controlling high blood pressure. Due to its amazing sedative as well as antihypertensive properties, this herb is recommended as one of the most effective treatments for hypertension. The root of sarpagandha contains an alkaloid substance named ‘reserpine’. It is extremely beneficial in decreasing systolic blood pressure.
Reserpine mainly discourages the storage of catecholamines (a group of neurotransmitters) in the heart as well as in adrenergic nerves. This results in reduced blood pressure by decreasing the heart rate and increasing the functionality of capillaries and arteries.
Passionflower (Passiflora Incarnata)
Passionflower is another important herb that is used to lower blood pressure to a great extent. This herb contains a group of natural polyphenolic compounds named flavonoids. These compounds are majorly found in vegetables and fruits, and have numerous biochemical as well as antioxidant advantages. Flavonoids regulate the supply of nitric oxide to our body cells. Since nitric oxide molecules facilitate better blood flow by widening the blood vessels, the level of blood pressure goes down gradually.
Glycosides present in passionflower are also responsible for keeping high blood pressure under control. This herb also possesses alkaloids and saparin to some extent. Both elements are capable of reducing blood pressure level and maintaining proper cardiovascular health.
Cayenne (Capsicum Annuum)
Cayenne or hot pepper is well-known for its blood pressure regulating effects over the centuries. The chief chemical constituent of cayenne is ‘capsaicin’ which imparts positive effects on cardiovascular system, especially blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
Researchers have found that capsaicin is able to stimulate the cardiovascular system significantly. It dilates coronary arteries (known as ‘vasodilatation’), and makes the flow of bloodstream easier. It also helps remove the waxy steroid fat (cholesterol) deposited to the inner walls of the arteries, and thereby, widens the arterial cavities to normalize the blood flow. All these are important in managing the blood pressure level.