Burns need no introduction, as everybody knows what they are. They are the skin injuries caused by heat or some other agents. At times the damage to the skin is minor, but sometimes it can be major which may result in death.
Minor burns can be treated at home very effectively using home remedies and the need to visit a doctor does not arise. There are many tried and tested home remedies to effectively treat burns.
Causes of Burns
Most of the burns are caused by fire. At times hot liquids fall on the body, they too cause burns. The thicker liquids cause more harm, because they stay on the body longer than the thinner ones. Some times the body comes in contact with the hot objects like hot iron, cigarette, and cooking appliances.
Ultraviolet rays of the sun can cause the skin to burn. High voltage electrical current, if it happens to pass through the body results in burns.
Burns can happen due to some chemicals like acids. Inhalation of certain gases make the upper respiratory system burn because of the harsh chemical action.
Types of Burns
The types depend on the agent and the severity of the burn. Broadly put, they come under four categories: thermal burns, chemical burns, electrical burns, and radiology burns. Flame burns are caused by fire and scalds happen because of hot liquids.
Burns can be classified by degree as well. The first degree burns are those in which only the outer layer of the skin is damaged. The second degree burns damage one more layer than the outer. The third degree burns are the most dangerous, in which the tissues also get destroyed.
Symptoms of Burns
They can cause swelling, blistering, and scarring. In extreme cases in addition to all these, there can be shock and death may happen. Since the skin is a natural barrier of the body against any outside exposure, and the burns remove that shield, thereby making the body vulnerable to infections.
List of Home Remedies For Burns
The first remedy that should come to your mind upon getting burnt is the application of water. Put the burned part under flowing water and keep it there for 15 minutes. Most people become stingy on this, either they do not put it under running water or keep it for much lesser time. If running water is not available keep it in plenty of water.
Ice Cubes For Tongue Burns
We may have gorged on a snack straight from the barbecue coal or sipped the favourite beverage or soup piping hot, and the result was burned tongue. Should we put our tongue under water? Not quite practical! Great remedy here will be to suck an ice cube. Make sure that you put the ice under the water to avoid it sticking on the tongue.
It is a great home remedy for burns. Take out the milk from your fridge, soak the affected area in cold milk for about fifteen minutes. If you do not want to waste milk or possess less quantity of milk, soak a piece of cloth in the milk and let it be on burn for 15 minutes, you can take it off in between and soak it again for the cooling effect. Repeat this every hour or two. Make sure you wash the cloth after every use. As you know milk becomes sour very soon.
Salt For Mouth Burns
For the mouth burns do the salt water rinse frequently. The quantity of the salt should be 1/4 of a tsp in a cup of water. Use cold water or the water at the room temperature.
Dilute your vinegar with an equal quantity of water. It is an astringent and acts as a mild antiseptic. Apply it on the mild burns.
Raw papaya pulp is a great healer of the burns. Make pulp and keep it in the fridge. Apply it frequently on the burns. Papaya has a natural enzyme which help the burns to heal fast.
Aloe vera gel is another goos remedy of the burns. In fact, for any disorder of the skin it is a fantastic remedy. Snap a portion of the succulent leaf of aloe vera, leaving the rest of it intact on the plant for use at a later time. Scoop the beautiful transparent gel out and apply it gently on the affected part. Wash it off after half an hour. Apply thrice a day. If your skin is sensitive to aloe vera, apply very little quantity. It works equally well. It is recommended that aloe vera plant should be planted in every house. If space is not enough, it can be put in a pot.
Yogurt, like milk has a cooling and healing effect on the burns. Apply it liberally and keep it for 15 minutes at a time. Wash it after 15 minutes. You will find an instant relief.
lavender oil helps the burns. Apply a bit of it on cotton wool and dab it on the affected part three to four times a day.
Egg whites can be whisked and applied on the burns for relief.
Vitamin E Capsule
To avoid the scar formation at the burn, apply vitamin E every day at least twice, after the burn has healed. You can buy a capsule of vitamin E, pierce it and squeeze out the liquid as a much as required. Keep the rest of the capsule in the fridge for future use.
Raw onion is available in almost all the kitchens. Cut an onion into rings, or better still, crush it into a paste, apply this on the burn. It can be mixed with honey and used. If it is a first degree burn it may go away soon enough. Otherwise, you may try wrapping this onion and honey mixture in a layer of one peel of onion, tied with a gauge or tape. It does help a lot and many people swear by this remedy.
Honey can be a very good remedy for treating mild burns. Apply honey and cover with a sterile gauge. Do this dressing two or three times a day.
Shaving Gel Or Cream
Though it sounds amusing, it actually works, the shaving gel or shaving cream can rescue the victim of first degree burns. Many who have used this home remedy say that it works like a charm.